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South Sudan Flags

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Flag of South Sudan

South Sudan is a young nation, so it is only natural that the history of South Sudanese flags is relatively short. That South Sudan flag is actually older than the nation of South Sudan itself, since it was adopted when the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed to end the Sudanese civil war in 2005, rather than when the nation gained full independence in 2011. The Sudan People's Liberation Movement also used the flag prior to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. The flag has seen the entire history of South Sudan, which gives the modern South Sudan flag meaning as a symbol of the nation's history in addition to its role as a representation of the country and its people. 

  • Capital of South Sudan: Juba
  • Area of South Sudan: 619,745 sq. km
  • Languages used in South Sudan: English (official), Juba Arabic
  • Religions in South Sudan: Christian, traditional African, Islam

Colors and Symbolism: South Sudan Flag Meaning

The South Sudan flag has three horizontal stripes of black, red, and green that are separated by white fimbriations. A blue triangle that contains a yellow star with five points stretches out from the flag's hoist. Each color was carefully chosen to give the South Sudan flag meaning. The blue section represents the waters of the Nile, while the yellow stands for the unity of the nation's states. The black stripe represents the African people, the red stripe represents the blood that was shed during South Sudan's independence movement, the green stands for the nation's natural wealth and wonders, and the white fimbriations represent the peace that has come in the aftermath of the nation's struggle for independence.

Many of the flag's colors are also associated with the Pan-African movement, which allows the flag to express solidarity with the other nations of Africa and their people. The flag's design is similar to that of the modern flag of Sudan, which is a reflection of the heritage that the two nations share. 

History of the South Sudan Flag

South Sudan is a young country, so only one flag has ever represented it. The flag of South Sudan began as the symbol of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement, the group that led the fight for South Sudanese independence and formed the country's first major political party. It became a symbol of South Sudan in general after the Comprehensive Peace Treaty of 2005 that laid the foundations for the country's independence, and it remained as the national flag following South Sudan's complete independence in 2011.