Flag of Jordan
Modern Jordan flags reflect the nation's birth during the Arab Revolt of the first world war. The colors on the flag reflect the colors of the revolt, which makes the flag into a potent symbol of both the nation of Jordan and the Arab people.
- Capital of Jordan: Amman
- Area of Jordan:91,971 sq. km
- Languages used in Jordan: Arabic (official), English
- Religions in Jordan: Sunni Muslim, Christian
Colors and Symbolism of Jordan Flags
Jordan flags are horizontal tribands of black, white, and green with a red triangle coming out of the hoist. The triangle holds a white star with seven points. Each point on the star represents one verse of the first surah in the Quran. Some sources also say that they represent the seven hills of the Jordanian capital or faith in seven different virtues, and that the star as a whole represents the unity of the Arab people. Each band on the flag represents one of the historical caliphates that ruled over a large part of the Middle East. The black band is a symbol of the Abbasid dynasty when used as part of the flag of Jordan, but it is commonly said to represent the Rashidun Caliphate and Muhammad himself when used as part of the Pan-Arab colors. The white stripe is a symbol of the later Ummayad Caliphate that follow the Rashidun Caliphate. The green band represents the Fatimid dynasty, which ruled after the fall of the Abbasid dynasty. The red chevron represents the Hashemite dynasty that rules modern Jordan and played a major role in the Arab Revolt.
History of Jordan Flags
The modern kingdom of Jordan was part of the Ottoman Empire for several centuries prior to the first world war. It was represented by the Ottoman flag during that period, which featured a white star and crescent on a solid red field. The Ottoman Empire first took control of Jordan in 1516, and it ruled it until the Arab Revolt broke out during the first world war.
Jordan became part of a British protectorate in the immediate aftermath of the revolt and the first world war, but that protectorate did have a flag of its own. The flag bore a strong resemblance to the modern flag, but the triangle did not extend as far away from the hoist as it does in the modern design. The flag was adopted in 1928, and it fell out of use in 1939. The flag's replacement has remained in use as the flag of Jordan ever since that point and has endured through several political changes in the nation during that period.